THE Guide to Selecting an Outsource Field Examination Firm

Shhhhhh, it’s a secret…

We Get This Question A Lot:

NOTE:  We’re a software and training company, not an accounting firm or field examination provider.  I started in ABL in 1985 and have over 19 years of hands-on field exam experience.

It seems like I can guess the question when someone that I don’t know contacts me about hiring an outside field examination company.  “Can you recommend anyone.”  Basically the answer is “No.”  For legal reasons, I will not recommend any one person or firm and you need to compare your needs to the experience of the firm, the staff experience, availability, travel needs, travel cost, hourly cost of the firm, and more (a.k.a. All Other / Etc.).  I do recommend interviewing at least Five (5) firms.

But then the conversation turns to the more important questions.  I know they don’t just need a breathing person to show up in living condition.  They know that too and that is where the conversation goes in the right direction.

What You Should Be Asking in The Interview:

Maybe you need a field examination NOW or maybe you need an inventory standard cost expert or maybe a specialist in gold or jewelry.   You can find them on the web and we have a link to a list of examiners at the bottom of this Blog article too.

Measuring expectations for ABL Field Examinations

Key Points for ABL Outsource And Key Questions:

1.  What is your ABL Expertise?

This can be a specialist firm or a division of an Accounting or consulting firm that has specialists that have years of ABL experience.  You should be able to get:

a. Background data on the principals that shows an ABL focus.
b. Staff size that are ABL specific (not necessarily the whole firm)
c.  Education levels such as college degrees and certifications of the staff such as CPA, CFE, CIA.
d. Have some or all of the Examiners worked in the ABL field for Lenders?

2.  Do you have any Specific Industry Experience Focus?

You might not need this, but then again, you might need someone that specializes in retail or manufacturing or healthcare or car dealers, Etc. and not Oil and Gas industries.  It is common to find ABL field exam providers that specialize in manufacturing and distribution, it is indeed most of the industry.  But if you need examiners with extensive experience in a given area, it is worth finding the right firm or even the right examiner at a firm.

3.  Do you Download Data?

This is the most NOT asked question.  Most Borrowers have years of data (1GB hard drives were available in late 1995 and the software was caught up for the Year 2000 conversions).  The more progressive and savvy examiners download data.  It saves a lot of time, it verifies numberical accuracy and it assists with ongoing reporting to the Lender.

This is not an Excel answer, this is data specific software to get into the poorly formatted Excel files, PDF files, Word-DOC files, Etc. that come along.  This is software that can calculate ineligible collateral and take single column ledgers and break-out the debits and credits by transaction code immediately.  Firms that lack this technology are behind the times and are taking more time to do the exams.   You are looking for products like AssetReader (yeah, we own that company).  Downloading data saves the Borrower time and money, it is a competitive advantage in cost for both the Lender and the Examination firm.

Download ABL Data
a.  What products do you use to download data with?
b.  Do you use AssetReader?
c.  What percent of your staff is using data download software?
d.  Has your staff been trained on the use of the data download software?
e.  What is the likelihood that the examiners on my Loans will be using data download software?

“If you’re not using Data Download software,
then you must be paid by the hour” 

4.  What is your Turn-Around Time once the Exam Fieldwork is Done?

It sounds easy, but there are some one and two person field exam providers that are booked-up week after week and there can be delays.  Trust me, I was one of them and I used to do the writeup work into the AM hours to get ready for the next one.  If you have a time sensitive expectation, you’ll need to find a provider with the right mix of work and work-ethic.

5.  What Kind of Recommendations Might You Make for Collateral?

These reports are not appraisals, but the ineligible collateral should be documented so that the formula and details can be integrated into the leder’s Borrowing Base Certificate (BBC) and tracking.  This discussion might reveal that the firm has no clue at all what a Borrowing Base certificate is or contains.

Other Questions:

1.  What are your hourly rates?

No rates stated here, it varies across the world.  I have seen some rates that are [perhaps] unbelievably high for specialists in certain industries.

2.  What are your travel expense policies?

It is rare to fly first class or stay at  star hotels.

3.  What geographical areas do you have covered with ABL specific examiners?

Travel can be expensive and add time to the process.  I once spent 1.5 days getting to Idaho and due to mechanical problems with the airplane, two days to get home.

4.  Do you have security policies in place and in use for file encryption on laptops and Servers?

This is simple to implement and an encrypted drive cannot be read without your super-long upper and lower case letters and symbols password.

5.  Do you do background checks on your employees when hiring?

It is not expensive to do this and it adds credibility to the firm doing the work.

6.  Do you have in-house W-2 employees do the work or do you outsource (1099 subcontractors)?

Some people prefer employees and some don’t care.  Some lenders have policies about third-party vendors being used by a primary contractor.


Color_Red_X_Icons_Fotolia_20850416_XS  What Not To Ask:

The most common question from a small bank that does not do ABL work on a regular basis is “How long will it take?” or “How much will it cost?”  The truth is that you can run into the following scenarios:

1.  Multiple Divisions:

The transaction seems to be one company, but it is actually several divisions in several places and with several different accounting systems.

2.  Bad Books

The transaction is a single company, but they have not closed their books in years

3.  Some Bad Combination of Factors

Some combination of the above

There are some small ABL field exams that I have done that took one field day to do the AR and Inventory count with another day for the writeup.  But then a similar sized transaction with bad books and records and uncooperative management, people that are not available for explanations and other avoidance behaviors that have caused the time to go to four days.  And that’s for just one division.    Your mileage may vary, but we cover field examination planning in some of the ABLTrain Seminars.


A Huge List of ABL Examiners to Get You Started:

Visit ABLPage  ABLTrain Icon

Copyright © 2014 Clear Choice Seminars, Inc.  All Rights Reserved

Images licensed from

Have You Hugged Your Receivable Aging Lately?

Receivable Ledgers BBC

Borrowers put all sorts of things in their agings. Overpayments, invoices, finance charges, debit memos, adjustments, freight adjustments, tax adjustments, Etc.  All of that works great, it sits there and it looks to be a mess at times, but at least it is all there. But are the offsets all there?

Like a Teenager:

If you have ever tried to raise a teenager, they find the sneakiest ways to get that phone or MP3 player while they are supposed to be sleeping or they sneak cookies into their rooms. I think that Borrowers sometimes behave that way too. We Asset Based Lenders do some due diligence like audits and we have reporting requirements too.  Borrower can observe the systematic flaws in our work a learn to avoid some of our behavior in the future.  They can sneak those ineligible adjustment items out of the aging.

My favorite is probably unapplied cash (that includes overpayments). These items should reduce the AR balance. Some of the credits are over 90 and some are under 90 on your Borrowing Base Certificate (BBC).  But they reduce the collateral and maybe the Borrower sees that as “bad” for the BBC collateral amounts?

Sooooooooo, they might reclassify these items into an “Accrued Liability” account labeled as “Accrued Deposits” or maybe they call it something similar or obtuse like “Deferred Revenues.”  But now it’s not in the aging. Is that bad?

Where Did The Offsets Go?:

The teenager (OK Borrower) took them from the aging and reclassified these things to some accrued liability account.  “They were there a minute ago, I saw them in the aging last month.”  Hmmmmmm?

Accounting Mumbo-Jumbo:

There are some accounting principles to consider here, but only one rings true:

The All Inclusive Principle – This was related to income and that it was better to include all income items on the financials. Taken to receivables, then all of the adjustments to revenues would also hit receivables (credit revenues and debit receivables to book the sale, do the opposite for reversals). This idea is a stretch to apply to receivables, but it has a little bit of merit to at least think about.

Liabilities – They are owed and can be booked when incurred.  We have an overpayment or a deposit, so that must be a liability to perform a future service or deliver a product in the future right?  Accountants are not supposed to offset liabilities and assets, they should be separate like the popcorn in those giant Christmas tins right? Cool thinking, but not exactly true because….

Substance Over Form – This is one of the Grand Daddy statements in accounting.  A unifying concept, the “Prime Directive” of accounting for you Trekkies.  This one trumps the above. The “substance” of overpayments and deposits is that they will go against receivables. So while they could be considered as liabilities in “form,” they are really related to receivables in “substance.”  See, you can bang a liability against an asset and take the net in this case because Substance trumps form.  Also note that this is generally accepted accounting practice in the real world because people account for this stuff in the AR accounts and the AR module of the accounting systems.

So Can You Hug Your Aging?

If accounts receivable were my collateral and on my BBC, I would want to have 100% of the receivable transactions in the aging report.  I would want to see all of the transactions that are right, wrong or indifferent in nature.  I would want substance over form.  I would want to hug my aging and know that it contains all of the transactions and that the potential offsets are in there for me to see.

But what about when the teenagers play games and reclassify things?  How do you find that? How do you prevent that?  What games can be played with potential offsets?  That’s what experience and training are for, to help you cover your assets.  ABLTrain Icon

Copyright © 2013 Clear Choice Seminars, Inc.  All Rights Reserved

Images licensed from

ABL-Help Updated 1998 to 2017…


In The Beginning:

What started as a glossary of definitions sometime in 1998  for my students, quickly expanded.  After 6 months of messing around with HLP file generators that used RTF documents, the first release came out in December of 1998.  It started with about 450 glossary words and about 42 ineligible collateral items for receivables and inventory.  We used Visual Basic to make a menubar and then took screen images of every menubar option and linked them.  It looked like a real menubar and it worked (HTML5 before it’s time).

The Village Comes:

But then the e-mails started to come in.  “Hey Joe, what about…” and the lists grew.  My friends at IBM inspired me to add the fishbone diagrams.  E-mails came in from all over the world and the list of ineligible items got bigger and bigger. We added audit insights for workpapers and recently we expanded into fraud alerts, alternative calculations, confirmation finders and other advanced fishbone diagrams (Pro version). It has slowed down in recent years, but it keeps growing and we’ve got 190+ ineligible links now.

Copyright Office Acceptance:

We had to argue with the US Copyright office on the filing of the electronic document as an HLP file and we presented our argument by asking “How come Microsoft can file Form TX and cover their Help files?”   Our Help File document (like millions of others) were made of code, text and images to form a multimedia presentation and the “text” was all code.  Management at the US Copyright office heard our argument loud and clear and changed the copyright form based on our presentations and the lack of solid guidance to clearly cover multimedia presentations.  Yeah, that was us and everyone was nice about it!

Just-In-Time ABL Training:

The ABL-Help file is now installed on more computers than any ABL software product in the world.  Thousands of copies and that includes installs at most of the larger institutions too.  It is considered an “essential” training tool by many back-office departments and new field examiners like the portable nature of having the program with them as they travel.  When Clear Choice Seminars, Inc. was hosting 10-12 cities per year, it was an essential tool to skip the basics and move onto more important analytics.  Of course the ABL-Help file got more and more information over the years and that let us cut out much of the basic stuff from the Intermediate ABL Audit course.


Update at least annually? – ABSOLUTELY!  The file format has changed too.  We switched from .HLP files to .CHM help files and that lead to better control, HTML formatting and the use of JS libraries for the menubars and popups.  We’ve upgraded the software used to make ABL-Help perhaps 5 times along the way and we’ve updated the compiler and installer every year.  The program and installer are also code-signed (COMODO) so that you know it comes from us.

In 2011, we switched to an EXE format so that we could give away a free version and then sell two enhanced version.  Our students ( and and software users ( get the more advanced versions.  ABL-Help Pro comes with the Fraud Prevention course on ABLTrain.  All proceeds go to charities!

The three versions are:

  1. ABL-Help Free
  2. ABL-Help Classic (about $19.00 USD or included with most ABL-Train courses)
  3. ABL-Help Pro  (about $49.00 USD or included with ABLTrain’s Fraud Prevention seminar course)

Future of ABL-Help Training Materials?

Where will it go next?  A lot of that is up to you.  We get great ideas for ineligible items from all over the world.  We have an opportunity to take it in new directions that will add value to the users.  Looks like we’re just getting started when I think about the possibilities.  [Joe]  ABLTrain Icon

Copyright © 2013 Clear Choice Seminars, Inc.  All Rights Reserved